5 Technology Trends That Can Make or Break Many Careers


 Technology Trends

We all live in a competitive world and for those who are working in IT, know how technology is changing from time to time and the importance of upgrading personal skill sets for a better career growth.

In this article we will learn about 5 technology trends that can make your career and check what skill sets are needed to get a job in the domain of your interest.
  1. Big Data
  2. Internet of Things/Edge Computing
  3. Artificial Intelligence/Cyber Security/Deep Learning
  4. Block Chain
  5. Virtual Reality
1. Big Data

Big data is a term used to describe both structured and unstructured data, which are large in volume.

Structured data resides in Relational Databases (RDBMS) and includes phone numbers, Social Security numbers, or ZIP codes and unstructured data includes text documents, email, video, audio, stock ticker data and financial transactions.

While the term Big Data is new, but the act of gathering and storing large amount of information for analysis is ages old.

Organizations collect data from a variety of sources, with different data streams and different data format. Data is gathered from business transactions, social media and information from sensor or machine-to-machine data.

In the past, storing huge data would’ve been a problem but now new technology has made it a cake walk.
We will now see the benefits of storing and processing such huge data and what difference it creates in achieving organizations goal.

The data collected are used to calculate cost reductions, time reductions, determine root cause of failures, analyze customers buying habit and to detect fraudulent behavior.

Using these information it’s easy for organizations to analyze its loop holes and target specific audience to achieve their goals.

Top emerging job roles in Big Data:
  1. Data Analyst
  2. Data Scientist
  3. Data Architect
  4. Data Engineer
  5. Solution Architect
  6. Database Administrator
Skill sets required to work on Big Data Technology are mentioned below and yes you really need to have knowledge on this subject.

Big Data = Programming skills +Data Structure & Algorithms+ Analytical skills + Database Skills + Mathematics + Machine Learning + NLP+OS+Cryptography + Parallel Programming.

Must have skills to work on Big Data technology:
  1. C
  2. Data Structure & Algorithm (Most Important)
  3. Python (Most useful language in the world of data science)
  4. Java (For Big data future)
  5. SQL (Here you start playing with data)
  6. Apart from this, some mathematical knowledge is also required for data science.
  7. Discrete Mathematics
  8. Linear Algebra
  9. Statistics

2. Internet of Things/Edge Computing

Internet of Things (IoT) is when machine interact with other machine over internet, with the help of sensors.

Over here sensors play the role of data gathering and this data is saved on cloud. Using this data, specified task can be performed over any physical device on the existing network infrastructure.

IoT and Edge computing goes hand in hand as both of these technologies are dependent on each other for flawless execution.

Earlier, in cloud computing processing power is centralized, i.e data has to travel from IoT devices to the servers, where it is processed and sent back to the IoT device. This leads to latency and slows down the device response. This is where edge computing comes into picture.

Edge computing allows data from IoT devices to be analyzed at the edge of network, before being sent to a data center or cloud. In Edge Computing data is processed at the point of origin, it means data is localized and if there is any impact on device, it won’t affect other device on the infrastructure. Here, data is stored and processed locally, so it is difficult for hackers to access all data at once.

If the concept of IoT is still not clear to you, you can read more about this topic by following the link below.

You May Also Like to Read: What is Internet of Things? Most Simple Explanation

Personally, I like this technology and I am myself learning the required skills to get a job in this domain.

Top emerging job roles in IoT:
  1. IoT product Manager
  2. IoT Arcitect
  3. IoT Developer
  4. Industrial data Scientists
  5. Robot Coordinator
  6. Industrial Engineer
  7. Industrial UI/UX Designer
  8. Chief Internet of Things Office (CIoTO)
  9. Full Stack Developer
  10. Industrial networking Engineer
Must have skills to work on IoT technology:
  1. Machine Learning
  2. Business Intelligence
  3. Design for Data
  4. Automation
  5. IP Networking
  6. Hardware Interfacing
  7. Mobile Development
  8. UI/UX Design
  9. Information Security
To read more about these skills individually, follow the link below:



3. Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning/Deep Learning

Artificial Intelligence is when machine learn from experience, learn to accept new inputs and perform human like tasks. Today we hear about chess playing machines, self-driving cars, all these has been possible due to deep learning and natural language processing.

Machine learning is a technology in which machine uses statistical techniques and pattern recognition to analyze data and perform task, without being actually programmed for the same. Fraud Detection, knowing what customers are saying about you on social media and online recommendation offers from Amazon & Netfilx are some of the real time examples of machine learning.

Deep Learning is one of the foundations of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and is a type of Machine Learning which train computers to perform human like task without being programmed. Over here data is not organized in predefine equations, Deep Learning sets the required basic parameter for the data and train computers to learn on its own from pattern recognition using many layers of processing. 

AI has shown its never ending impact on Banking and Cyber Security, and there are many other areas where work is still in progress. Building career in Artificial Intelligence will surely fetch you a better pay and job satisfaction.

Top emerging job roles in AI:
  1. Machine learning Engineer
  2. Data Scientist
  3. Research Scientist
  4. R&D Engineer
  5. Business Intelligence Developer
  6. Computer Vision Engineer
Must have skills to work on AI technology:
  1. Java: 60%
  2. Artificial Intelligence: 57%
  3. Software Development: 48%
  4. C++: 38%
  5. Linux: 37%
  6. Python: 36%
Apart from this you need to have knowledge on below mentioned topics:
  1.  Probability and Statistics
  2. Applied Math and Algorithms
  3. Distributed Computing
  4. Advanced Signal Processing techniques

4. Block Chain

Blockchain or distributed Ledger is a mechanism to bring everyone to highest degree of accountability. With blockchain, many people can make entries into a record of information which is called block, and now community of users can manage the way information record is amended and updated.
“The blockchain is an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value.” -  Don & Alex Tapscott, authors Blockchain Revolution (2016)
Each block consists of three different elements:
  1. Data
  2. Hash
  3. Hash of other block
Hash is encrypted code that acts as a fingerprint for that block. Hash changes if any change is made in the block. So each block is interlinked with other and has hash information of other block. If any change is made in one block then the hacker has to match the hash of each block connected to it which is not possible.

Apart from this there is P2P network, where each user has to confirm if any change is made in the block and once all the users approve it, only then it is ready to process.
Blockchain is a technology that runs Bitcoin.

After blockchain there will be no manual or machine error, of missed transactions, or even an exchange that was not done with the consent of the parties involved. As now, unless every user doesn’t approve the blockchain it wot be processed.

Top emerging job roles in blockchain:
  1. Blockchain Developer/Engineer
  2. Blockchain Concensus Engineer
  3. Blockchain Network Naalyst
  4. Strategy Analyst
  5. Blockchain Consultant
Must have skills to work on blockchain technology:
  1. Knowledge of Blockchain platforms Ethereum, Stellar, Ripple, Hyperledger etc.
  2. Good understanding of Bitcoin or other crypto-currencies
  3. Understanding of various distributed consensus methodologies
  4. Understanding of cryptography, including asymmetric (pub/priv key), symmetric, hash functions, encryption/signatures.
  5. Must know any of the following languae: Java, Golang, Rust, Scala, Haskell, Erlang, Python, C, C++, C#
  6. Knowledge of Open source technologies and Solidity

5. Virtual Reality

Virtual reality (VR) is a machine generated scenario that simulates a realistic experience. This environment is created with the help of head mounted display and in the whole process our senses and brain work together to give finely synchronized and mediated experience.

Virtual Reality (VR) systems have bought a revolution in the field of entertainment and technology. From gaming to research, VR systems are ready to print never ending impact on all minds.

You May Also Like to Read: What is Virtual Reality? Here's Everything You Need to Know

This technology is still growing and it needs a lot of skilled manpower to work on. So, if you start learning this technology right away, I am sure bright career is on your way.
Virtual Reality Market
Virtual Reality Market


Top emerging job roles in Virtual Reality:
  1. Virtual World designer
  2. Virtual Experience/Interface Expert
  3. Virtual AI Developer or Designer
  4. Haptics Developer/Expert/Engineer
  5. Unity Engineer/Developer
Must have skills to work on Virtual Reality technology:
  1. Knowledge of 3D Game Engine Unity Editor/Unreal Engine
  2. 3D Modeling Using Blender
  3. Programming language for Unity it’s C#/JavaScript/Unity Script/Boo Script and for Unreal Engine it’s C++
  4. Awareness of Game Development Jargon (Camera, Scene, Game loop or Shaders)
  5. A little knowledge of 3D Geometry
I hope this article will be helpful for all those who are looking for top technology trends that can make career. If you have more to share on these technologies or if you want to add something to this post, please let us know in the comment section below.

HAPPY READING!
5 Technology Trends That Can Make or Break Many Careers 5 Technology Trends That Can Make or Break Many Careers Reviewed by Teach Anthem Admin on April 06, 2020 Rating: 5

2 comments:

Please do not enter any spam link in the comment box.

Powered by Blogger.